PELJESAC Peninsula

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Pelješac (local Chakavian dialect: Pelišac; Italian: Sabbioncello) is a peninsula in southern Dalmatia[1] in Croatia. The peninsula is part of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County and is the second largest peninsula in Croatia. From the isthmus that begins at Ston, to the top of Cape Lovišta, it is 65 km long. The name 'Pelješac' is most likely derived from the name of a hill above town of Orebić, which is Pelisac. This is a relatively new name for the peninsula. Throughout history other names have been used such as Stonski Rat, Puncta Stagni, Ponta di Stagno and Sabioncello. The main town of Peljesac is Ston which has large fortifications, built by the Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik) [2]. They are the second longest walls in Europe and perhaps one of the oldest salt planes in this part of the world.

The Mali Ston Channel separates the peninsula from the Croatian "mainland". The Strait of Pelješac is located at its far western end, and it divides the peninsula from the island of Korčula.

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The earliest known historic records of Peljesac are from ancient Greece.The area became part of the Roman province of Dalmatia after the Illyrian Wars (220 BC to 219 BC.)[4]. Roman migration soon followed. In the 6th century Peljesac came under Byzantine rule.

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The Great Migrations of the 6th and 7th centuries, brought the Slavic [5] invasions and Avar into this region. As the barbarians began settling on the coast, the Romanised local coastal population had to take refuge on the islands. Along the Dalmatian coast the Croatian Slavic peoples migrations poured in from the interior and seized control of the area where the Neretva River enters the Adriatic. The Croatians settled on the peninsula.

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The French Empire occupied the region in 1806, abolishing the old Republic, and in 1808 turned it into the Illyrian Provinces. In 1815 it was given to the Austrian Empire and since 1867 became part of the Cisleithania of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary until World War I.

Today Peljesac is Croatian peninsula well known for its famous wines at Dingac locality, and also popular turist destination. Main places are Ston and Orebic.

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Ultimo aggiornamento Venerdì 29 Aprile 2011 20:14