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 CAVTAT_TIRENA cavtatj  

Cavtat (Italian: Ragusavecchia, Greek: Επιδαυρος (Epidauros), IPA: /tsaftat/) [1] is a town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County of Croatia. It is on the Adriatic seacoast 15 km south of Dubrovnik and is the centre of the Konavle municipality. The English language pronunciation is "TSaf-tat."

Cavtat is a Croatian city with a long history. The original city was founded by the Greeks in the 6th century BC under the name of Epidaurus (or Epidauros).[2][3] Its original name is similar to the city in Peloponnese which had the god Asclepius as its protector. The surrounding area was inhabited by the Illyrians, who called the city Zaptal.[4]

The town changed its name to Epidaurum when it came under Roman rule in 228 BC. Justinian I the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire sent his fleet to Cavtat during the Gothic War (535–554)[5] and occupied the town.

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The city was sacked and destroyed by the Avars and Slavs in the 7th century.[6] Refugees from Epidaurum fled to the nearby island, Laus (Ragusa) which over time evolved into the city of Dubrovnik.[7]

The town was re-established in the Middle Ages (Ragusa-Vecchia).[8][9] After not to long it came under the control of its powerful neighbor, the Republic of Ragusa.

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The modern Croatian name for the city reveals the ancient origins and the link with Dubrovnik. Cavtat is a derived from Civitas Vetus, that means old city in Latin Language.

Today Cavtat is a popular tourist destination, with many hotels and private homes that rent rooms and apartments. The seafront is filled with shops and restaurants. A ferry boat connects the town to neighbouring Mlini and Dubrovnik. There are often many private luxury ships along the strand.

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